Jobs in Bristol, United Kingdom
Of Ships and Shoes and Sailing Wax
In the early days, ships from Bristol traversed the waters the British Isles and the Mediterranean. From around 1650 until the abolition of the slave trace in 1807, they also plied the triangular trade routes between Britain, Africa and the Americas. The British tobacco industry got its start in Bristol then and in 2013, the former Imperial Tobacco Group, now Imperial Brands, opened new, award-winning global headquarters there. During the industrial revolution Bristol mined coal for export and as a source of energy for local manufacturing, but the mines are now closed. With the advent of the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1910, aeronautics rose to prominence. Production included fighter planes, Rolls-Royce engines, and various parts for the supersonic Concorde. Meanwhile, the Bristol City Council was constructing larger commercial docks with direct access to the Bristol Channel. In 1975, it closed the Old City Docks and in 1991 it sold the working docks to a private firm. Since then the Bristol Port Company has increased both the volume and the value of cargo moving through the port and opened it up to the cruise industry. Plans are underway for creation of a large container shipping facility.
For the past several years, digital and creative industries have been driving innovation and economic growth in the Bristol and Bath region, which is considered the UK’s most important centre for the fast-growing digital industry outside of London. The region’s strengths include its rich heritage in aerospace, hi-tech and film-making, and a skilled talent pool strongly supported by its four leading universities – the University of Bath, Bath Spa University, the University of Bristol and the University of the West of England – and the Bristol and Bath Science Park. Bristol’s economy performed strongly in 2016. Nevertheless, strong growth in output has not yet been matched by similarly strong growth in employment.
Life by the Sea
City dock tours, river boat trips and excursions to locations with scenic water views are favourite things to do for both locals and visitors. The city is home to Banksy and the creators of the Wallace & Gromit animation, and is famed for its theatres and art galleries as well as a collection of celebrity residents. Natives speak with a unique dialect featuring the ‘Bristol L’ – an ‘L’ sound added to the end of words which gives the city its nickname. Bristol is well-connected to the rest of the country by motorway, rail and air, but the inner city is congested. However, it is motorcycle-friendly and has an impressive infrastructure for cyclists.
The Bristol Ferry is a popular means of moving from one place to another in and around the city. The old Bristol City Docks have been converted into leisure, residential and retail developments in the vicinity of the city centre and many younger people reside there. Moving inland, affordable housing can be found in the scenic hillside suburbs of Hotwell and Clifton Wood. They have easy access to the city centre by foot, bus, or ferry as well as to local shops, restaurants, and traditional pubs.
To the north of the city, Stoke Bishop, Westbury Park, and Henleaze are popular leafy suburbs with excellent schools and detached or semi-detached homes. On average, Bristol is one of the warmest and sunniest cities in the UK, but temperatures and rainfall are strongly influenced by Atlantic weather patterns, which can be quite variable.
Bristol Facts and Figures
Diversity (Percent of population born outside the UK)
- 48% in 2001 and 11.64% in 2011, compared to national averages of 9% in 2001 and 13% in 2011
Structure of the Economy
- Private sector jobs as share of total jobs in 2015: 74.13% compared to 62 cities’ average of 73.51%. Of which, Knowledge-intensive business services 18.97% (Rank 7 of 62), Other services 40.40% (Rank 36 of 62), Manufacturing 6.32% (Rank 40 of 62)
- Gini coefficient of inequality in 2013: 0.41 (Rank 20 of 58)
Economic Performance in 2015
- Business innovation (net new start-ups as percent of total number of businesses): 5.12% (Rank 34 of 63)
- Employment rate: 77.3% of working age population (Rank 11 of 63)
- Gross value added (GVA) per worker: £54,873 (Rank 15 of 62)
2017 Cost of Living Index for London compared to reference city (Prague): 183 compared to 226 in London 100 in Prague
Climate (30-year averages): 126 rainy days and 802 mm of rainfall per year; average temperature range from 7.0 C to 14.2 C
Based on comparable data on diversity and the economy compiled by Centre for Cities for the 63 largest cities and towns in the UK, cost of living data compiled by www.expatistan.com and climate data from UK Met Office.
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