Jobs in Lincoln, United Kingdom
Commercial Hub for England’s Breadbasket
Lincoln was built in a gap in the Lincoln Cliff, where the River Witham runs through. The original Iron Age settlement was built at the foot of the cliff beside a deep pool formed by the river. Later, an early Roman fortress was built on a hilltop overlooking the pool, in order to protect the road south to Exeter from attack by sea. These two settlements were the original sites for Lincoln’s modern Upper and Lower Towns. Lincoln emerged as a major trading centre in the Viking period (793 to 1066). Normans built the Lincoln Castle in 1068 on the hilltop site of the old Roman fortress, and the town continued to expand its trade, producing wool and cloth for export to Flanders. By 1150, Lincoln was among the wealthiest towns in England. The grand Gothic Cathedral was built to replace the original one after an earthquake in 1195, and the Bishop’s Palace was also constructed around this time. Lincoln was designated a Cathedral City and became an important bishopric and seat of many monasteries, supported by large agricultural estates belonging to the church. During the 13th century Lincoln was the third largest city in England.
The English Reformation and Civil Wars brought an end to this period of prosperity, but intensification of agriculture and improved transport links brought about an 18th century renewal. Lincolnshire County developed into a major supplier of horticultural products, wheat, barley, cheeses and meat-based delicacies for all of England, with Lincoln as the commercial hub. During the Industrial Revolution, the city became an important producer of heavy machinery. In wartime Lincoln specialised in production of tanks, but diesel and gas turbine engines dominated in the post-war period. Heavy industry declined toward the end of the 20th century, but some gas turbines are still produced. Today, public administration, health, education, distribution, restaurants and hotels, arable farming and tourism are the main economic activities. Many E-commerce and small industrial enterprises are prospering, so small business is viewed as a growth sector.
In order to stimulate small-business growth, community leaders decided to establish a new modern university campus near Brayford Pool and the city centre. The idea was that the presence of a first class teaching and research institution would attract entrepreneurial talent, and provide an attractive environment for small start-ups to establish themselves. The Queen opened the University of Lincoln in 1996 – the first new city centre campus in the UK in decades. Since then the University has more than fulfilled expectations. Its presence has drawn many more licensed premises to the town centre and a new small business unit, the ‘Think Tank’, opened near the campus in June 2009. Moreover, the university itself has developed into an award-winning, state-of-the-art learning environment for thousands of students from home and abroad.
Lincolnshire is still a rural, agricultural county, and the pace of life is slower and more tranquil than in more urbanised parts of the UK. Many of the county’s biggest businesses are connected to its horticulture, agriculture, packing and transport industries.
Lincoln is rapidly evolving into a vibrant 21st century city, with excellent shopping, a thriving nightlife, an expanding small business sector and a world-class university, but it is not served by any major motorway and the landscape is characterised by small villages, historic market towns, large expanses of highly productive farmland, and miles of unspoilt coastline with many areas of natural beauty. The wetland wilderness of The Wash is the most significant site for water birds in Britain and coastal beaches, amusement parks and resorts provide an important recreational outlet for the townspeople. Several festivals mark different important dates in the agricultural year.
Most of Lincoln’s historic buildings and touristic sites are located in the modern Upper Town, along with the city’s more posh residential areas. Businesses, retail establishments, and the university are all located in or near the city centre in the Lower Town, while suburbs to the south and southeast house professional and working people. There is still somewhat of a class divide between the Upper and Lower Towns, but the growing prosperity of the centre is diminishing its importance.
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