Jobs in Liverpool, United Kingdom
Proud Heritage, Promising Future
From 1207 until the 18th century Liverpool was just a small port town on the eastern bank of the Mersey Estuary. A hundred years later, Liverpool’s West Indian trade was moving a volume of goods often equalling that of London. The city’s growing wealth financed construction of many grand buildings. Although German bombs did great damage, and post-war reconstruction resulted in further demolitions, enough remained to warrant designation of Liverpool- Maritime Mercantile City as a World Heritage site in 2004.
Liverpool has been a magnet for immigrants since its early trading days, when small numbers of Black African seamen settled there and Chinese seamen established the first Chinatown. At various times during the 19th and early 20th centuries waves of Irish, Welsh and other Europeans migrated to Liverpool. After World War I many soldiers from the colonies also settled there. Social unrest and race riots spurred the building of mass council housing in the suburbs in the 1920s and 30s. Following World War II, the inner city was redeveloped. However, the advent of containerisation in the 1970s rendered the city’s docks obsolete, and large numbers of dock workers lost their jobs. Many shipping lines continued to operate out of Liverpool, car manufacturing remained, and knowledge-based industries expanded. Since the mid-1990s, however, growth has been driven by the tourism and leisure industries. Visitors are attracted by LiverpoolOne, a mega-development project in the centre featuring offices, apartments, shopping malls, hotels, historic site tours and a new cruise liner terminal. Liverpool2, a new deep water container terminal, opened in 2016. Liverpool Waters, a long-term port expansion plan, is disputed because it would encroach on the heritage site.
Besides its mercantile heritage, Liverpool is also known for its creative output. Inventers and innovators from Liverpool have produced many ‘firsts,’ and in 1999 the city received an award from English Heritage for significant contributions. Merseyside beat originated in Liverpool and the social views as well as the music of the Beatles and other beat musicians and poets in the 1950s and 60s created pop culture, leading to the city’s designation as the ‘World Capital of Pop.’ Penny Lane celebrates the Beatles’ work and times, and is a highlight for tourists.
Culture, Sport and Daily Pleasures
Liverpudlians possess a strong sense of civic pride and generally enjoy life. Nearly 200 popular nightlife spots are scattered throughout the city. Liverpool and Everton Football Clubs dominate the sport scene, but boxing also attracts many fans, and the city regularly hosts world class steeplechase and golf events.
Echo Arena – a large performance venue – has hosted many important events since opening in 2008. Other live performance options include 10 live theatres, 6 comedy clubs, a variety of music festivals, and the city’s renowned Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra. Some 25 museums and galleries and the Liverpool Biennial Festival of Arts attract locals as well as tourists. The city is built in a scenic setting on a ridge of sandstone hills overlooking the estuary and is well-connected by buses, trains and ferries.
The Waterfront offers exclusive housing at fancy prices, while working class neighbourhoods are clustered around the city centre. To the east the suburbs of West Derby, Childwall and Knotty Ash offer a range of attractive housing options, good schools and other amenities. More affluent suburbs include Croxteth Country Park, Woolton and Allerton.
Liverpool Facts and Figures
Diversity (Percent of population born outside the UK)
- 4% in 2001 and 8% in 2011, compared to national averages of 9% in 2001 and 13% in 2011
Structure of the Economy
- Private sector jobs as share of total jobs in 2015: 65.14% compared to 62 cities’ average of 73.51%. Of which, Knowledge-intensive business services 10.73% (Rank 39 of 62), Other services 40.47% (Rank 34 of 62), Manufacturing 7.04% (Rank 37 of 62)
- Gini coefficient of inequality in 2013: 0.39 (Rank 44 of 58)
Economic Performance in 2015
- Business innovation (net new start-ups as percent of total number of businesses): 7.18% (Rank 10 of 63)
- Employment rate: 63.9% of working age population (Rank 62 of 63)
- Gross value added (GVA) per worker: £48,126 (Rank 35 of 62)
2017 Cost of Living Index for London compared to reference city (Prague): 134 compared to 226 in London 100 in Prague
Climate (30-year averages): 114 rainy days and 837 mm of rainfall per year; average temperature range from 7.2 C to 13.2 C
Based on comparable data on diversity and the economy compiled by Centre for Cities for the 63 largest cities and towns in the UK, cost of living data compiled by www.expatistan.com and climate data from UK Met Office.
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