Jobs in Sheffield, United Kingdom
Vision 2020 – It’s All About Jobs
On average, workers in Sheffield have a relatively lower level of skills, and the city has a relatively higher unemployment rate and relatively higher reliance on manufacturing and public sector employment than other growth cities in the UK. An early producer of knives and cutlery, Sheffield introduced new technologies for producing crucible steel and steel alloys during the Industrial Revolution. The population grew rapidly. Workers flooding into ‘Steel City’ were housed in crowded tenements with poor plumbing which remained in place until the late 20th century. During World War II, Sheffield’s foundries were called upon to produce arms and munitions for the war effort, and were bombed as a result.
Nevertheless, the steel industry remained prosperous until the 1970s and 1980s, when coal mining in the area collapsed and the city’s steel could no longer compete internationally. Sheffield city planners have developed a strategic vision for 2020 based on the expectation that precision manufacturing, creative and digital industries, health care technologies and low carbon industries will produce the most value added, but that the largest employment sectors will be those that provide support services (retail, construction, distribution, real estate, healthcare, education). This vision builds on the city’s 2008 Masterplan, which could not be fully implemented due to economic contraction following the crash of global financial markets that year.
Highlights include: (i) the Heart of the City Project which is gradually renewing the city centre through a combination of renovation, new construction, and infrastructure improvement; (ii) the annual Global Manufacturing Festival; (iii) the collaboration between the Advanced Manufacturing Park and the University of Sheffield’s Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre, supported by Boeing, which is bringing theoretical research to bear on business development; (iv) Enterprise Gateway through which small and medium-scale enterprises can access packages of support services; (v) MADE, an annual entrepreneurship event which provides high quality coaching for both new and experienced executives; (iv) Cloud City Sheffield, an initiative that is capitalising on the city’s early leadership in broadband technology; (vi) Doc/Fest, an annual International Documentary Festival where filmmakers can showcase their work, find business-development resources and enrol for follow-up training; (vii) Made in Sheffield, a curriculum that equips youth with employable skills by using practical learning experiences to teach numeracy, literacy, science and maths.
Attractions of the Sheffield Lifestyle
Sheffield is known as the greenest city in Europe and the cost of living is relatively low. A number of well-known performers got their start in Sheffield, and there is still a lively and varied music scene, ranging from electronic and house to folk music, song and dance. There are numerous opportunities for writers and poets to give readings of their latest work. The city also has a strong sports tradition. Today, Sheffield is represented in every major team sport in England and hosts the English Institute of Sport.
Cyclists enjoy trails that run through large woods and parks connecting the city centre with the Peak District, and opportunities for both indoor and outdoor rock-climbing abound. Although the eastern part of the city is extremely poor and rundown, the western part of the city offers pleasant living for people with a comfortable income. The city’s transport infrastructure currently includes a Supertram and a network of city buses. Many residents choose housing within walking distance of their places of work. Sheffield is ringed with hills which constrain the way the city space can be used, and this has contributed to its village-like atmosphere.
Sheffield Facts and Figures
Diversity (Percent of population born outside the UK)
- 5% in 2001 and 10% in 2011, compared to national averages of 9% in 2001 and 13% in 2011
Structure of the Economy
- Private sector jobs as share of total jobs in 2015: 67.65% compared to 62 cities’ average of 73.51%. Of which, Knowledge-intensive business services 10.73% (Rank 38 of 62), Other services 37.90% (Rank 49 of 62), Manufacturing 10.39% (Rank 20 of 62)
- Gini coefficient of inequality in 2013: 0.40 (Rank 30 of 58)
Economic Performance in 2015
- Business innovation (net new start-ups as percent of total number of businesses): 4.47% (Rank 43 of 63)
- Employment rate: 68.6% of working age population (Rank 52 of 63)
- Gross value added (GVA) per worker: £44,050 (Rank 53 of 62)
2017 Cost of Living Index for London compared to reference city (Prague): 131 compared to 226 in London and 100 in Prague
Climate (30-year averages): 132 rainy days and 835 mm of rainfall per year; average temperature range from 6.6 C to 13.4 C
Based on comparable data on diversity and the economy compiled by Centre for Cities for the 63 largest cities and towns in the UK, cost of living data compiled by www.expatistan.com and climate data from UK Met Office.
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